Nursing Equivalents

Tip:

  • Memorize, memorize equivalencies.
  • When using the metric system, remember the rules for moving the decimal.
  • If you know one equivalent within a system, then you can use ratio and proportion to solve conversions.

The ideal is to avoid the apothecary system. The metric system is the ideal system for measurements.

1 kilogram (kg)

2.2 pounds (lb)

1 pound (lb)

453.6 grams (g or gm) (use 454)

1 kilogram (kg)

1000 grams (g or gm)

1 gram (g or gm)

1000 mg (milligrams)

1 milligram (mg)

1000 micrograms (mcg, but should always be written out to avoid transcription errors)

1 gram (gm)

1 ml (milliliter) [Preferred term]

1 cc (cubic centimeter)

1 ml (milliliter)

1 inch (in)

2.54 cm (centimeters)

1 grain (gr)

60 mg (milligrams)

1 (household) cup

240 ml (milliliter)

8 ounces (oz)

1 (measuring) cup

16 ounces (oz)

1 pint (pt)

1 ounce (oz)

30 ml (milliliter)

1 teaspoon (tsp)

5 ml (milliliter) (not 4-5)

1 dram

4 ml (milliliter) [archaic use]

1 tablespoon ( T or tbs)

15 ml (milliliter)

2 tablespoons (T or tbs)

1 Ounce

3 teaspoons (tsp)

1 tablespoon ( T or tbs)

1 teaspoon (tsp)

75 gtt (drops)

1 milliliter (ml)

16 minims (not 15-16)

1 milliliter (ml)

15 gtt (drops)

1 liter (L)

1000 ml (milliliter)

37.0 ° C (Centigrade degrees)

98.6° F (Fahrenheit degrees)

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